Subaru is one of the world’s most well-known car brands and is famous for its legendary exploits in the gruelling race series that is the World Rally Championships. Over the years, the learnings and technical knowhow derived from its motorsports division became a brand ethos, thus forming the very core of what all existing Subaru models rest upon.

So, what makes a Subaru, you ask? Well, a great deal of things really, but we’ll focus on the three core technologies that define modern and future Subarus to come.

Subaru Symmetrical All-Wheel Drive

All-wheel drive is typically a luxury for many mass volume cars and is a more common feature among premium vehicles. But with Subaru, every single car, with the exception of the BRZ, is fitted with a symmetrical AWD system. Subaru is the only carmaker in the world to adopt this system, which allows for a peerless balance of power to be sent to all four wheels.

Symmetrical AWD equals better traction, balance and control. It provides very precise steering response in corners and gives surefooted stability, especially when traveling at high speeds and in bad weather. Subaru’s all-wheel drive system is permanent, which means it’s unlike other typical 4WD systems that run in 2WD (for efficiency reasons) until wheel slip is detected.

More importantly, the AWD system continuously monitors all wheels and adapts to provide maximum traction and control at every turn. With the left and right sides of the drivetrain completely balanced, plus an even 50:50 split of power routing to the front and rear wheels, you get double the traction at all times. Fun fact: Subaru outsold Audi in global all-wheel-drive car sales during the April 2015 to April 2016 financial year.

Subaru Global Platform

Working hand in hand with the symmetrical AWD system is Subaru’s brand new modular platform. Dubbed the Subaru Global Platform (SGP), it enhances all things related to driving experience. For example, overall vibration has been significantly reduced, resulting in a quieter and more comfortable cabin.

It’s much safer as well, with the XV and Impreza both scoring a full five-star ANCAP crash safety rating. This can only be achieved through a more rigid framework – SGP improves crash absorption by a whopping 40% and provides 50% less body roll than before.

A rigid framework is fundamentally the reason for great handling cars, and that’s precisely what SGP offers on top of all the comfort and safety benefits. What’s more, the upgraded architecture also offers a more stable ride regardless if you’re driving on tarmac, or off the beaten path. In short, the SGP takes comfort, safety and performance to the next level, and every Subaru car from now on will be built on it.

Horizontally-opposed (Boxer) engine

Just like its AWD system, each and every Subaru model comes with a Boxer engine, and the automaker makes no exception when it comes down to this. As a matter of fact, the engine has been the core of every Subaru vehicle for the past 45 years, something not even Porsche can match. Suffice to say, this particular technology has come to define Subaru for nearly half a century.

Unlike a typical inline or V engine, the boxer engine is equipped with horizontal thrusting pistons, which means the engine can be very easily connected to the transmission. The flat design also allows for a lower centre of gravity, thereby improving responsiveness and control. Better yet, in the event of a front-end collision, the flatter engine is designed to move under the passenger compartment, making it much safer than a taller engine setup.

Another benefit of the Boxer engine is that it vibrates less, helping the car run more efficiently and smoothly. That will, in turn, help lengthen the lifespan of the vehicle as well. According to Subaru, 96% of its cars built within the last 12 years can still be found on the road to this day.

So there you have it, the three core technologies that define the modern day Subaru. So, tell us, which is your favourite Subaru model?