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The Eleventh Malaysia Plan (11MP) was tabled by the Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak earlier today, and one of the areas of focus will be the building of an integrated, need-based transport system.

The plan, which stretches from 2016 to 2020, will see transportation networks being improved to enhance connectivity and mobility. This includes the construction and upgrading of roads and highways such as the toll-free Pan Borneo Highway and the Central Spine Road (a 325 km-long toll-free federal route that will replace the Gua Musang and Karak-Tampin highways when it is completed).

Other routes include the Kota Bharu-Kuala Krai Highway, the Lebuh Raya Pantai Timur as well as the West Coast Expressway – the latter, which will connect Banting to Taiping, is expected to be completed in 2019.

Public transport is also set to be improved on in a big way – last year, the public transport modal share in the Greater Kuala Lumpur/Klang Valley area was 17.1%, and the government is looking at raising this to 40% by 2020 as well as 20% in other capital cities. A number of rail projects are due to help up utilisation levels.

The increase in ridership will begin when the first phase of the Klang Valley Mass Rapid Transit (KVMRT) becomes operational next year. The KVMRT Line 1 will traverse 51 km between Sungai Buloh and Kajang, through 31 stations serving about 1.2 million people, with a daily expected ridership of 400,000.

Phase 1, which runs from Sungai Buloh to Semantan, will kick off the service, followed by Phase 2 (Semantan to Kajang) sometime in 2017. The construction of KVMRT Line 2, meanwhile, is slated to begin in June 2016 – the 52.2 km line, which will connect Sungai Buloh to Serdang and Putrajaya, is estimated to become operational by 2022.

Additionally, construction of the Light Rail Transit (LRT) Line 3 connecting Bandar Utama to Klang will start in 2016, with expected completion in 2020 – the line will run over 36 km and have 25 stations.

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The Stage Bus Services Transformation (SBST) Programme, meanwhile, will improve the stage bus model that is in place now, with bus services set to provide greater coverage and extension to rural areas – the SBST will be rolled out in phases from this year across Seremban, Kuching, Kangar, Ipoh, and Kuala Terengganu, and will be extended to other cities and rural areas during the course of the 11MP.

The plan also states that alternative community-based public transport service such as minivans and the use of private vehicles will be considered for remote areas.

As for fuel-related topics, aside from the implementation of Euro 4 and Euro 5 emission standard fuels in Malaysia during the course of the 11MP (and even ahead of that), the government says it will be working towards increasing bio-diesel blending requirements of up to 15% during the 11MP (from the existing B7, or 7%), and the use of CNG will also be promoted.