The new 2017 Honda CR-V is the first car tested under ASEAN NCAP’s new 2017-2020 protocol – and as you could probably tell, the results for Honda’s latest SUV look rather different from those before. Handily, the agency has detailed its new testing regime for us to better understand its intricacies.

Big news this year is that there will now be a single rating for the whole of South East Asia, rather than separate ratings for variants with differing safety equipment. In most cases, the vehicle tested will be in the lowest specification sold in the region (although the CR-V tested was a Thai-spec mid-range 2.4 EL), and the scores it gets will apply to every other variant in ASEAN.

The previously separate Adult Occupant Protection (AOP) and Child Occupant Protection (COP) scores have also been rolled into a single rating, which also includes a score for Safety Assist Technologies (SAT). The AOP score accounts for 50% of the total result, while COP and SAT scores make up another 25% each.

Let’s break the AOP score down first. As before, vehicles are subjected to a 40% frontal offset crash test at 64 km/h, receiving an points score for their performance (maximum of 16 points).

New for 2017 is a more comprehensive side impact test, in which a trolley is directed into the side of a vehicle at 50 km/h, with scores again given out of a maximum of 16 points. This differs from the previous test used only to confirm if a vehicle passes UN R95 regulations for side impact protection.

Vehicles are also evaluated on the protection afforded by head protection technologies (HPT) such as side and curtain airbags, with their coverage subjected to a geometric assessment. A total of four points can be awarded here, which means that the maximum possible AOP score is 36 points.

Next, we come to COP, which previously was only measured through a percentage of compliance. Now, vehicles are given the same points scores for frontal and side impact protection for children as adults. There is also a score awarded for ease of child seat installation (maximum of 12 points), using a range of child seats specified by ASEAN NCAP.

Vehicles also get a vehicle-based assessment score (maximum of 13 points) for child seat-friendly features, such as three-point seat belts on all seats, ISOFIX anchors and front passenger airbag deactivation. As such, the maximum amount of points available for COP is 49.

Last but not least is the SAT score (maximum of 18 points), which is broken down into four categories. Effective Braking and Avoidance (EBA), which includes ABS and electronic stability control, holds a maximum of eight points, while Seat Belt Reminders (SBR) for the driver, front passenger and rear seats carry a maximum score of six points.

Also assessed are Blind Spot Technologies (BST) – which ASEAN NCAP believes would help reduce accidents involving motorcyclists – and Advanced SATs, each according a maximum of two points. Advanced SATs include autonomous emergency braking (AEB) for urban and inter-urban conditions as well as pedestrians, forward collision warning (FCW), lane departure warning (LDW) and lane keep assist (LKA).

Lastly, the HPT score as well as the scores for SATs are subjected to the fitment rating system, which assesses the countries each safety equipment is available in, and whether it is offered as standard or as an option. There’s a complicated formula for calculating the fitment rating score (FRS) for each item, which is available on the ASEAN NCAP website.