How does Nitrous Oxide make your car go faster?

How does Nitrous Oxide make your car go faster?
Nitrous oxide storage tank in a car boot

When it comes to souping up cars, even laymen usually have two words in their heads – turbo and NOS. NOS, or its proper name nitrous oxide. Sounds cool doesnt it?

Contrary to popular believe, NOS isnt the chemical acronym for nitrous oxide. It is actually the acronym for Nitrous Oxide Systems, the largest manufacturer of automotive nitrous oxide injection systems out there.

Its become so synonymous with the gas, like how Maggi is associated with instant noodles, Colgate is associated with toothpaste, or Nescafe with instant coffee, or how making a photocopy of something is called Xerox-ing. Nitrous oxides chemical designator is actually N2O, because it has 2 nitrogen atoms and 1 oxygen atom. Sounds interesting? Let’s find out more about nitrous oxide injection systems.

What is Nitrous Oxide?

The usage of Nitrous Oxide to enhance engine performance dates way back to World War II where N2O was used in fighter planes to compensate for less oxygen in the atmosphere at high altitudes. One of the first uses of nitrous oxide in cars was by NASCAR racer Smokey Yunick who used nitrous oxide in his car to win races until it was discovered and banned by NASCAR.

Nitrous oxide is color-less and non-flammable. Apparently it smells somewhat sweet. Dentists use nitrous oxide to as anesthetic for patients, and its known as laughing gas in the dentistry circles. Its stored in the vehicle in liquid form in a canister. Because of limited storage capacity, usually limited “shots” of nitrous oxide are stored and the driver uses it sparingly in bursts by activating a button. Like what you see in The Fast and the Furious.

How does Nitrous Oxide work?

So how exactly does injecting nitrous oxide into the engine help? Combustion is basically igniting a mixture of oxygen and fuel in a combustion chamber with a sparkplug. The resulting explosion produces power. What happens is a nitrous oxide injection system pumps nitrous oxide into an engines intake system. At 296 degrees Celsius, the nitrous oxide breaks down into nitrogen and oxygen. The loose oxygen atom is burned together with the combustion. More oxygen = more power. Its as simple as that.

Of course there are some issues with the proportion of fuel and air and pre-mature detonation that well look at later. Also, why not just inject oxygen instead of nitrous oxide since what we need is the oxygen anyway? Pure oxygen would result in too wild a combustion, resulting in a blown engine. This is because the nitrogen atoms in the nitrous oxide have a function as well. The nitrogen atoms released have a cooling effect on the combustion temperature. It absorbs the heat and helps carry it away.

Nitrous oxide also cools the intake temperature by 60 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit and every 10 degrees Fahrenheit reduction in temperature gives you about 1% horsepower gains. So on top of the extra power provided by the extra oxygen, you get another 6-7% horsepower gains from the cooling effect.

In one of the Sepang Drag Battle rounds, the winning Proton Satria used nitrous oxide to cool the intake air instead of an intercooler. That way, you save weight and reduce the lag that you get when you have to pass turbocharged air through the passages inside an intercooler.

Those who are more familiar with nitrous oxide would have heard the terms dry kit and wet kit. What is the difference between nitrous oxide dry injection and nitrous oxide wet injection kits?

Nitrous Oxide Dry Injection Kits

Nitrous oxide dry injection kits spray nitrous oxide into the intake manifold and it is mixed with fuel and air at the injectors. Dry shots of nitrous oxide usually provide less of a power increase because there is no way of providing additional fuel to balance the extra oxygen in the combustion mixture. So you have to be a little conservative as too lean of an air-fuel mixture will cause the engine to just blow up. At least with stock factory injectors anyway.

Nitrous Oxide Wet Injection Kits

The other type of nitrous oxide injection is wet nitrous oxide injection. Wet nitrous oxide shots have fuel in them. This explains the usage of the word wet. The nitrous oxide is mixed together with fuel and a fogger injects this mixture directly into the throttle body.

This provides the extra fuel to balance out the extra oxygen provided by the nitrous oxide, thus keeping the air-fuel mixture stoichiometric or not too lean. However wet nitrous injection kits might cause puddles of fuel to be stuck in the intake manifold, and cause severe backfire conditions.

There is also a hardcore form of wet nitrous shots called direct-port injection. In this system, each cylinder gets its own nitrous injector. For this modification, the whole intake manifold has to be removed and fitted with a custom one.

Is Nitrous Oxide Safe?

With the increased power being created, how does one control the process so that no engine blown cases will happen? Using wet nitrous shot kits is one way, as it mixes the additional fuel necessary to keep the air-fuel mixture balanced. Ignition controllers are also sometimes installed to retard the spark timing when nitrous oxide is being used, to prevent premature detonation, also known as knocking or pinging. Higher octane fuel should also be used.

Balancing the air-fuel mixture with the extra oxygen provided by nitrous oxide is also a tricky thing. Too lean and youll get detonation problems which will damage the engine. Too rich and youll lose power. But its all fun, tuning your car to the maximum performance. Good learning process.

Looking to sell your car? Sell it with Carro.

10% discount when you renew your car insurance

Compare prices between different insurer providers and use the promo code 'PAULTAN10' when you make your payment to save the most on your car insurance renewal compared to other competing services.

Car Insurance

Paul Tan

After dabbling for years in the IT industry, Paul Tan initially began this site as a general blog covering various topics of personal interest. With an increasing number of readers paying rapt attention to the motoring stories, one thing led to another and the rest, as they say, is history.



  • chris (Member) on Feb 23, 2006 at 9:17 am

    Big hole in the pocket to buy those NOS set&gasses LoL!!!

    Big time maintaining the engine too :)

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 1 Thumb down 0
  • chris (Member) on Feb 23, 2006 at 9:19 am

    Hiya paul good to check out ur 'early' post.Hope u enjoy ur day&work :) :) :)

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 0 Thumb down 0
  • raptorclans (Member) on Feb 23, 2006 at 8:27 pm

    Hey Paul, I've always been puzzled by this, is N2O legal here? Or only on the track? :p

    Hey any idea where to find those "nitrous lookalike" subs? kinda interested… price? :D

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 0 Thumb down 0
  • raptorclans (Member) on Feb 23, 2006 at 9:00 pm

    oh awesome… the Jag smoked them all!

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 0 Thumb down 0
  • Sharfox (Member) on Feb 23, 2006 at 9:16 pm

    Good info. Just heard aboyt it before without kknwing the architecture. Good job Paul.

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 0 Thumb down 0
  • Euphoria (Member) on Jun 28, 2006 at 11:23 pm

    Hey Guys,

    just wondering where can we get those things? and is it legal here? and Is the Savvy qualified to be install the NOS?

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 0 Thumb down 0
  • yes the american muchal car classic s rank 43543 skyline can go 173 its good for a 1986 car

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 0 Thumb down 0
  • mott diggity on Jul 30, 2009 at 10:20 am

    i love that show

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 0 Thumb down 0
  • mott diggity on Jul 30, 2009 at 10:21 am

    im pretty much the only canadian who watches top gear (swan lake first nation)

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 0 Thumb down 0
  • sazu1080 on Oct 25, 2009 at 4:34 pm

    It is very effective, just be sure to double check everything. I've seen intake manifolds blow up during dyno runs and have peaces flying off.

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 0 Thumb down 0
  • ranjeet on Jan 02, 2010 at 8:00 am

    Very informative..thanks a lot..

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 0 Thumb down 0
  • sab firangiyo ka baap. on Apr 30, 2011 at 4:56 pm

    i want use nos to blast every firangi hips.

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 0 Thumb down 0
  • vishavjeetsingh on Jun 02, 2012 at 3:51 pm

    its act & fel like cool

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 0 Thumb down 0
  • devesh on Jun 29, 2012 at 11:16 pm

    cool info dude n2o is really hot material

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 0 Thumb down 0
  • Dude how about direct port kit?

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 0 Thumb down 0
  • Jasper Elias on Oct 13, 2012 at 3:13 am

    Guys I own an Aventador J (JOTA) and even though I had 700 horses at my disposal I had a tough time letting my friend’s souped up Nissan Skyline GTR stay in the rear view mirror.
    NOS is amazing ONLY for the ones who know HOW to use it to their advantage. It’s all about precision and timing. I feel it is a waste, though, because I remember my friend Zachary had to get his cylinder on NOS re-filled. Of course he didn’t use NOS, he used NX (Nitrous Express) but he had to keep topping up his tank, it was like a baby fuel tank that needed constant care.
    Pointless and expensive!

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 0 Thumb down 0

Add a comment