Ford has revealed its all-new 2.0 litre EcoBlue turbodiesel engine, the first in a new line of diesel engines from the Blue Oval. The 2.0 litre direct-injected unit, which replaces the current 2.2 litre Duratorq TDCi (first introduced in 2005), comes in various states of tune, and will meet the stringent Euro 6 regulations that will be introduced in September 2016.

Set to debut in the new Transit and Transit Custom vans, the 2.0 litre unit will initially be offered in three states of tune – 105 PS, 130 PS and 170 PS for commercial applications. The company also claims that 20% more torque (up to 340 Nm) is available from as low as 1,250 rpm compared to the 2.2L TDCi.

In the future, the EcoBlue diesel engine line-up will expand to include a 1.5 litre version for use in smaller vehicles such as the Focus, C-Max, B-Max and Fiesta. According to Ford, the engines will have power outputs ranging from 100 PS to 240 PS. The previous 2.2L TDCi made up to 160 PS and 400 Nm, and can be found in the Ranger, Everest and Mazda BT-50.

Ford EcoBlue 2.0L 1

To meet the higher levels of efficiency, Ford integrated many technologies into the design of the EcoBlue motor. For starters, it is the first Ford-developed engine to use a new mirror-image porting design for the integrated inlet manifold that precisely controls the flow of air into the cylinders.

New piezoelectric fuel injectors are also fitted here, capable of capable of delivering up to six injections per combustion event, with each injection taking as little as 250 microseconds (0.00025 seconds) and delivering 0.8 mg of diesel, injected through eight conical holes, each measuring 120 microns in diameter. This allows for closely controlled fuel delivery.

Other design highlights include a 10 mm offset crank design, which minimises friction against the cylinder walls of the iron block, minimised crankshaft bearing diameters, belt-in-oil design for the camshaft and oil pump drive belts, as well as an optimised valve-train and an all-new single-piece camshaft module. These innovations reduce friction within the engine, contributing to a 13% improvement in fuel efficiency.

Ford EcoBlue 2.0L 2

The EcoBlue unit’s turbocharger is designed to deliver more air at lower engine speeds. The Inconel alloy-turbine wheel is capable of withstanding high temperatures, and is reduced in diameter by nearly 10%. The compressor wheel itself is smaller by 15% as well. Meanwhile, a new turbocharger actuator replaces the worm drive with a geared design, halving response times to 110 milliseconds.

Aside from efficiency enhancements, the new EcoBlue engine boasts enhanced refinement. A noise-optimised cylinder-head, block, stiffening ladder-frame, optimised oil pump and oil pan, all help to reduce sound energy at idle by up to half as much as the 2.2L TDCi. Non-flat mating surfaces also ensure a tight seal that traps noise within the engine.

As for durability, Ford claims its new 2.0 litre EcoBlue engine is capable of meeting the extreme demands in markets such as Europe, the US and China. Ford’s testing of the engine involved 402,336 km of real-world customer driving, several lab analysis, Ford vehicle proving grounds and CAE evaluations.