The legal case surrounding the world’s biggest automotive safety recall caused by Takata’s airbag inflators is reaching a conclusion. Reuters reports that the Japanese company has agreed to plead guilty to criminal wrongdoing and to pay US$1 billion to resolve a US Justice Department investigation into the issue.

The deal was announced last week, hours after prosecutors in Detroit charged three former senior Takata executives with falsifying test results to conceal the inflator defect, which has been linked to at least 16 deaths worldwide, including several cases in Malaysia.

Takata will pay a $25 million fine, $125 million in a victim compensation fund, including for future incidents, and $850 million to compensate automakers for massive recall costs, the US Justice Department said. To date, the recalls have affected 19 carmakers.

The auto parts supplier will also be required to make significant reforms and be on probation and under the oversight of an independent monitor for three years. The settlement must still be approved by a federal judge in Detroit. This is a different deal from the one on 2015, when Takata admitted in a $70 million settlement with US auto safety regulators that it was aware of a defect in its airbag inflators, but did not issue a recall.

“Reaching this agreement is a major step toward resolving the airbag inflator issue and a key milestone in the ongoing process to secure investment in Takata,” said Shigehisa Takada, chairman and CEO of the auto parts supplier. The company “deeply regrets the circumstances that have led to this situation and remains fully committed to being part of the solution,” he added.

Separately, a federal grand jury indicted three longtime Takata executives after a more than two-year US criminal probe. Shinichi Tanaka, Hideo Nakajima, and Tsuneo Chikaraishi were indicted on wire fraud and conspiracy charges for allegedly convincing automakers to buy “faulty, inferior, non-performing, non-compliant or dangerous inflators” through false reports.”

The Justice Department said the three Japanese citizens were suspended in 2015 and are not currently working for Takata. The six-count indictment said they knew around 2000 that the inflators were not performing to automakers specifications and were failing during testing, but they provided false test reports to the car companies.

In the US, Takata’s faulty airbag inflators have been linked to 11 deaths and 184 injuries. There have been several deaths related to the company’s rupturing inflators in Malaysia too – all in Hondas – and Honda Malaysia has put in considerable effort to create awareness on the matter, urging owners of affected vehicles to bring their car in for part replacement, and making it as convenient as possible for them to do so.

As of December 2016, Honda Malaysia says that it has only managed to replace 71% of affected driver front airbag inflators (stock availability at 100%), with a large number of affected cars yet to respond to the recall. The completion ratio for passenger airbag inflator replacements stood at 50% as of end-November. Please respond already, if your car is affected.