Euro 5 B10 biodiesel is direct replacement for Euro 2M, same price – Euro 5 B7 blend remains, 10 sen more

Euro 5 B10 biodiesel is direct replacement for Euro 2M, same price – Euro 5 B7 blend remains, 10 sen more

An update on Euro 5-standard diesel, which replaced Euro 2M diesel at all retail pumps across Malaysia as of April 1. The fuel is available in two grades, one with a B10/B20 biodiesel blend and the other, a B7 blend as it is currently. This was confirmed by a number of players in the fuel retail industry after we reached out to them over the matter.

Essentially, Euro 5 B10/B20 is a direct replacement for Euro 2M diesel and will follow the pricing parameters set for that, including the price ceiling of RM2.15 per litre, while Euro 5 B7 will continue to be sold as a separate product, priced at 10 sen more per litre than Euro 5 B10 as it is now (currently, RM2.25 a litre).

That the new base fuel was going to be deployed was not a surprise, given that it had already been stated years ago. In December 2015, a federal gazette revealed that the new standard would be introduced on September 1, 2020 to replace Euro 2M. However, in June last year, it was decided that the rollout would be postponed to April 1 this year in light of the Covid-19 pandemic and constraints faced by various industries.

The April 1 rollout was mandated last month through the Environmental Quality (Control of Petrol and Diesel Properties) (Amendment) Regulations 2021 federal government gazette dated March 25. In it, it was also stated that the updated Malaysian Diesel Standards would see other properties being defined for Euro 5 diesel on a staggered basis, being fully completed on April 1, 2023.

Euro 5 B10 biodiesel is direct replacement for Euro 2M, same price – Euro 5 B7 blend remains, 10 sen more

The formal announcement made by environment and water minister Datuk Seri Tuan Ibrahim Tuan Man last week, however, contained nothing beyond the fact that the fuel was being introduced, prompting questions as to whether there was now only one unified Euro 5-grade diesel, and what the biodiesel blend would be.

Prior to the rollout, Euro 2M diesel contained a B10 (10% palm methyl ester and 90% regular diesel) or, in some locations, B20 (20% palm oil content) bio blend, while Euro 5, which has actually been available in Malaysia since 2014, contains a B7 mix.

In essence, nothing has changed from that beyond the new fuel being cleaner for the environment. While Euro 2M had a sulphur content of 500 parts per million (ppm), Euro 5 has a way lower sulphur content at 10 ppm.

Sulphur in diesel creates particulate matter (PM) during combustion, which is obviously not great for the environment, and simply put, the lower the content of sulphur, the lower the emission of pollutants. Aside from aiding the environment, a cleaner fuel also helps extend engine life and improves fuel efficiency. That there is no added cost to it should surely get no complaints from consumers.

As for the biodiesel content, the base Euro 5 follows levels seen previously, which is primarily B10 at present. Although the country introduced its B20 blend (20% palm methyl ester, 80% regular diesel) programme in February 2020, the nationwide implementation for that has been delayed. Originally scheduled for June this year, its full introduction has now been pushed back to early 2022.

Eventually though, the fuel will replace B10 as the primary biodiesel blend at over 3,400 stations nationwide, except in Cameron Highlands and Genting Highlands in Pahang and Kundasang in Sabah, where B7 biodiesel will continue to be used.

Meanwhile, the continued retail presence of Euro 5 B7 diesel as an alternative, if costlier, choice should be a relief to users not keen on using high blend biodiesel. There remains contention about the compatibility of B20 with engines, continuing the technical caution that first arose with B10, where it was claimed that the usage of biodiesel in grades higher than B7 may result in fatty-acid methyl ester mixing with motor oil, causing the oil to thin and possibly leading to sludging in the engine.

Euro 5 B10 biodiesel is direct replacement for Euro 2M, same price – Euro 5 B7 blend remains, 10 sen more

In terms of implementation, we asked if Euro 5 B10 had been fully rolled out across the country. At the time of publishing, only BHPetrol – which was the first to offer Euro 5 diesel in the country, in Johor – had responded by saying that its transition has been completed, with Euro 5 B10 now available at all its stations nationwide alongside its B7 blend. We await updates from elsewhere, as well as to whether any of the formulations have been revised with the new grade, and will report accordingly.

With the move, all retail fuels in the country now meet Euro 4 and Euro 5 European Fuel Directive standards. For petrol, RON 97 was the first to adopt the Euro 4M standard in September 2015, and RON 95 was set to follow suit in October 2018, but its introduction was postponed to January 2020.

As for the switch to Euro 5 petrol grades, that will eventually happen on September 1, 2025. The date was reiterated in last month’s gazette, which again outlined elements of the new Malaysian Petrol Standards for then. The complete specification for Euro 5 petrol is set to be completed by September 1, 2027 with final compliance achieved in the levels of benzene, olefins and aromatics.

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Anthony Lim

Anthony Lim believes that nothing is better than a good smoke and a car with character, with good handling aspects being top of the prize heap. Having spent more than a decade and a half with an English tabloid daily never being able to grasp the meaning of brevity or being succinct, he wags his tail furiously at the idea of waffling - in greater detail - about cars and all their intrinsic peculiarities here.



  • Amran on Apr 09, 2021 at 1:00 pm

    Diesel RM2.15 per liter is cheap. Ordered 1 bottle of mineral spring water for dinner last night, RM8.50 for 500ml … good profits.

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 9 Thumb down 1
  • Silthice on Apr 09, 2021 at 1:46 pm

    Kinda slow as Indonesia has B30 and soon Going to B40… Proton should utilize Volvo diesel engine as diesel produced more power per liter of fuel. Just export all the petrol ⛽. As our petrol ⛽ still stuck in Euro 4….

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 0 Thumb down 14
    • Avenger on Apr 09, 2021 at 11:37 pm

      Diesel is going the way of dodo, why should proton pickup this dodo engine tech? Better to focus on hybrid and EV

      Like or Dislike: Thumb up 8 Thumb down 1
      • Silthice on Apr 10, 2021 at 3:50 pm

        For Asians, India and third world countries markets which are proton target markets. Hybrids are and proton already have saga and Exora REEV. Meanwhile EVs are good if we have proper plus electric tariffs cost a lot more than diesel and EV need a long time ⌚ to recharge

        Like or Dislike: Thumb up 0 Thumb down 0
  • Izhar on Apr 09, 2021 at 3:20 pm

    Wondering how they done it yesterday at the same station, the same underground tank it is Euro 2M, today already Euro 5.

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 8 Thumb down 0
  • tkling on Apr 09, 2021 at 3:43 pm

    does it mean B10 lack of power to push up to Cameron Highland & other highland?

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 6 Thumb down 0
  • lilytan on Apr 09, 2021 at 3:50 pm

    2025 switch to euro 5? Skip it all together and switch to euro 6 instead or better still, euro 7. Euro 5 is now a 12 years old and obsolete standard.

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 3 Thumb down 3
    • No need euro 7 already, world is prepare for euro e(electric) fuel cell drive…

      Like or Dislike: Thumb up 5 Thumb down 0
  • No need euro 7 already, world is prepare for euro e(electric) fuel cell drive…

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 2 Thumb down 0
  • Higher palm oil content in diesel is just a scam. Diesel from crude oil contains higher energy content than biodiesel. One of reason why diesel engines have better fuel economy than petrol is that diesel fuel itself has 30% higher energy content than petrol. Using palm oil diesel will increase fuel consumption . Consumers will have to pay more for fuel. Until now, nobody is can vouch that going biodiesel can improve fuel consumption because only the opposite can happen.

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 9 Thumb down 2
    • The point is not to save fuel but reduce consumption of crude diesel. If totally switchover to cooking oil based, even better

      Like or Dislike: Thumb up 1 Thumb down 1
  • Andy C on Apr 11, 2021 at 7:56 pm

    I have been trying to find the answer to this question:

    Is the Euro 5 diesel (whether B7/B10/B20) backwards compatible with old diesel engines without any need of modification?

    I have a 30-year-old Land Cruiser 80.

    Most articles just said “no problem on older engine” without further elaboration.

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 2 Thumb down 0
  • Jacky Chong on May 18, 2021 at 11:52 pm

    i am driving a Personal 2017 previously with 12km to 13.5/Litre. now driving isuzu dmax 2020 manual transmission with:
    Caltex Euro 5 @ 14 to 14.5km/Litre
    Petronas Euro 5 @ 14 to 15km/Litre
    BHP Euro 5 @ 14 to 15km/Litre
    Shell Euro 5 @ 15 to 16km /Litre
    Petron Euro 5 @ 17 to 18km/Litre.

    So far tested Petron Euro 2M has the same mileage 17 to 18km/Litre. no feeling under power at all. only different is after 2 tanks used Euro 2M the egnine oil become Dark black.

    If Euro 5, even when oil change cycle still remain dark grey green something like that.

    Hi Soya Cincau, so far most big or small fuel station remain Euro2M B10 and Euro 5 B7. i did not see any different. where i can find or which station have Euro 5 B10/20 ? please advise. Thank you

    Like or Dislike: Thumb up 5 Thumb down 0

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