Toyota has officially closed its local manufacturing operations in Australia – the shuttering of Toyota Australia’s production plant in Altona, Victoria, from today following the last Camry rollout brings an end to 54 years of building vehicles in the country.

The decision to end local manufacturing was announced in 2014, with high costs of manufacturing and low economies of scale being among the number of reasons cited for the move. Towards the end of its life, the plant assembled Camry, Camry Hybrid and Aurion models as well as a line of four-cylinder engines.

With the cessation of manufacturing and consolidation has seen the employee count being trimmed from 3,900 personnel to approximately 1,300. The transition to a national sales and distribution company will also transfer all corporate functions from Sydney to Melbourne, effective January 1, 2018.

Most of the Altona manufacturing site will be retained for new and relocated functions. The location will see the development of a Centre of Excellence and also house Toyota Australia’s expanded design and engineering team, which is 150 strong.